Mold is a kind of fungus that is commonly seen around homes. They are tiny but they come in great numbers and they can spread quite quickly. You might notice them as black or dark green marks on indoor or outdoor surfaces. Their growth is aided by darkness and moisture. This is why you are most likely to see them inside bathrooms, basements, laundry rooms, and similar spaces. Mold is not just a cosmetic problem, although it can certainly ruin the home’s aesthetics. The bigger problem is the health issues that develop due to mold exposure.
Mold Reaction Symptoms
Some people are more vulnerable than others. Those who have pre-existing conditions such as asthma, allergies, and other respiratory problems are more likely to exhibit symptoms. These include runny nose, watery eyes, skin rashes, dry cough, sinusitis, sore throat, and wheezing which are classic allergic reactions. Black mold may also release toxins that trigger body pain, headaches, nosebleed, memory loss, and mood changes. It can also cause chronic fatigue, constipation, vomiting, stomach pain, joint pain, confusion, anxiety, imbalance, hearing loss, Breathing problems, heart palpitations, and mild fevers.
One of the best ways to stop these unwanted reactions is simply avoid the places where mold is found. If it is confined to one bathroom, then use another one while professionals clean things up. Once the coast is clear, you should be able to move about freely around the house like you used to.
Another mold exposure treatment is the intake of antihistamines. These are the usual prescriptions for allergies. Doctors will check for sensitivity and recommend a specific drug that is likely to make the symptoms go away. This method works best at controlling itchiness, sneezing, and runny nose.
Nasal decongestants may be recommended as well. People who have trouble breathing because of mucus or other issues can be given nasal sprays or oral decongestants. These should be able to provide relief, albeit short-term. They can make patients feel better while waiting for the other treatments to take effect.
Nasal corticosteroids may prove to be useful in this scenario as well. They can serve to lower the level of inflammation so that patients feel better overall. Go to your doctor to see whether this treatment is suitable for your situation before taking it.
Immunotherapy can also be an option in certain situations depending on the kind of mold that triggered the reactions. With this form of therapy, patients will be given several allergy shots in a span of several years to boost the body’s natural immunity to mold spores.
Mold Prevention Strategies
Of course, the best way to deal with mold is to prevent it from spreading in your house so that it doesn’t become a health menace. Controlling moisture in key areas like the bathroom is crucial. Ensure enough ventilation to keep surfaces dry. Allow natural light to come in through the window. Conduct regular cleaning and inspections. Install a HEPA filter for your air conditioner. Wash wet rugs, carpets, and towels right away.